When planning a text, either if it’s a poem or an article, you need to think about your audience. Who are you writing for? What does your reader expect when reading your text? What kind of content is he or she looking for? When starting a new text, you should always ask yourself these questions. They will help you in finding the perfect style for your text, the choice of vocabulary, correct use of tools such as humor and irony, and so forth.
Readers can often be hard to please. They always want high quality content, and they want the text to be relevant to what they were looking for. If you are presenting them with a guide to Iceland, for instance, make sure to use relevant facts and information that is useful to the reader. Do not spend time on using metaphors and symbolic, as you would when writing a poem. This does not fit the genre, and will only confuse the reader.
If you wish to learn about genre characteristics, click here. You must also consider what you want to tell with the text. Are you writing a short story or a poem for the purpose of entertaining? Or is your short story meant only for our teacher to read, in connection with a school project? How you write your text is determined by what you are trying to tell the reader. In an informative text, such as a report, the message should always be clear and easy to follow.
In a creative writing text, such as a short story, you might use other tools to make the reader understand your message subconsciously. Are you planning on writing a novel? If so, there are some more criteria that you should follow. Read more about planning your novel here. The questions you should always ask yourself when planning a text can be summed up like this: Who are you writing for? What do you want to tell? How will you convey your message? Answer these questions, and you will already have come a long way in planning your text. When you have decided which genre suits you the best.